Blockchain and Payment Services

Dr. Priscilla Mifsud Parker | Published on 15 Mar 2018 | Updated on 12 Oct 2018

Blockchain and Payment Services

Current challenges in payment infrastructure

The current payment infrastructure is mostly based on messages and relies on the exchange of files between multiple parties. A typical cross-border non-euro payment lifecycle involves several steps and parties to process the payments, which can take days to complete. Due to this delay, a company initiating a payment is required to monitor its bank account or bank account statement to know exactly when the payment has cleared. Leading companies in payments industry are finding new delivery approaches for instant payment processing that incorporate real-time fraud prevention methods. The distributed ledger makes it possible to connect all the parties in a financial trade in real time for faster processing of a payment – all while maintaining an audit trail. As such, it is virtually impossible to change or control the data, since processing is distributed over the network.  This is vital in preventing fraud or a security breach.

Current initiatives

Currently most of the large companies in financial transaction processes have started initiatives to discover this technology and evaluate its application in the payments area. A prominent example includes the initiative taken by SWIFT. This global payment innovation initiative, launched in January 2017, explores whether blockchain technology can be used by banks to improve the reconciliation of their nostro databases in real time. Twenty-two banks around the world have joined SWIFT in this initiative. Citi Bank has also announced a similar partnership with NASDAQ to explore blockchain technology for payments. A number of companies and NGOs are also exploring private blockchain use for settlement of internal payments to reduce the settlement delay.

One of the main selling points offered by blockchain technology is the security it provides to the transactions that take place in its driven platforms. Another advantage of blockchain is the transparency of its transactions. Blockchain technology allows all the transactions and balances to be seen by all users on the network, making it virtually impossible to be manipulated or tampered with. A decentralised protocol is the core of the blockchain and is one of its biggest advantages over today’s centralised alternatives.

Conclusion

Although blockchain technology is encouraging, there are numerous challenges in utilising it for payments on a global scale. One main problem is scalability - for example, the global payment network SWIFT processes as many as 30 million messages in a day. This processing volume requires a significant amount of computing power and infrastructure and the technology has not been tested for high volumes of data .
If blockchain technology can be implemented on a global scale for payments, it would provide substantial benefits for both banks and companies. Banks will no longer need heavy clearing and settlement systems, while companies can have a real-time accounting ledger in their enterprise resource planning or treasury management systems. This would also improve payment security significantly.


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Key Contacts

Dr Priscilla Mifsud Parker

Senior Partner - Corporate, Trusts & Fintech

+356 22056422

Mr Steve Muscat Azzopardi

Senior Manager, Corporate & Fintech

+356 22056438

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